October 18, 2023 5 min read

The History of Dutch Coffee

The Dutch and Their History with Coffee Around the World

The Dutch have a long and rich history with coffee. In the early 17th century, the Dutch East India Company (VOC) became the first European company to import coffee beans to Europe. The VOC quickly established a monopoly on the coffee trade, and the Dutch became known as the "nation of coffee drinkers."

The Dutch played a major role in spreading coffee around the world. They planted coffee plantations in their colonies in Indonesia, the Caribbean, and South America. They also introduced coffee to Japan and Korea, where it is still popular today.

The Dutch coffee trade was very profitable, and the Dutch became very wealthy from it. However, the Dutch monopoly on the coffee trade did not last forever. In the late 18th century, the French and British began to plant coffee plantations in their own colonies. This competition led to a decline in the price of coffee, and the Dutch coffee trade eventually collapsed.

Despite the decline of their coffee trade, the Dutch have remained a major coffee lover nation. Today, the Netherlands is one of the largest consumers of coffee per capita in the world. The Dutch also have a strong coffee culture, with many coffee shops and cafes throughout the country.

The Dutch East India Company and the Coffee Trade

The Dutch East India Company (VOC) was a powerful trading company that was granted a monopoly on trade with the East Indies by the Dutch government. The VOC quickly became one of the wealthiest companies in the world, and it played a major role in spreading coffee around the world.

In 1616, the VOC obtained coffee seedlings from Yemen and planted them in Java, Indonesia. The coffee plants thrived in the Javanese climate, and the VOC soon established a monopoly on the coffee trade in the East Indies.

The VOC exported coffee beans from Java to Europe, where they were quickly becoming popular. The Dutch coffee trade was very profitable, and the VOC made a fortune from it.

The VOC also played a major role in introducing coffee to other parts of the world. In the 17th century, the VOC planted coffee plantations in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), Malabar (now India), and the Caribbean. The VOC also introduced coffee to Japan and Korea.

The Decline of the Dutch Coffee Trade

The Dutch monopoly on the coffee trade did not last forever. In the late 18th century, the French and British began to plant coffee plantations in their own colonies. This competition led to a decline in the price of coffee, and the Dutch coffee trade eventually collapsed.

The Dutch coffee trade also declined due to the rise of nationalism in the colonies. In the early 19th century, Indonesia and other colonies under Dutch rule began to declare their independence. This led to the collapse of the VOC and the end of the Dutch coffee trade.

The Dutch Coffee Culture

Despite the decline of their coffee trade, the Dutch have remained a major coffee lover nation. Today, the Netherlands is one of the largest consumers of coffee per capita in the world. The Dutch also have a strong coffee culture, with many coffee shops and cafes throughout the country.

Dutch coffee shops are known for their relaxed atmosphere and their wide variety of coffee drinks. Coffee shops are also popular places for people to socialize and smoke cannabis.

The Dutch coffee culture is unique in the world. It is a culture that is based on a love of coffee and a relaxed attitude towards life.

The Dutch and Coffee Today

The Dutch continue to play an important role in the coffee industry today. Dutch coffee roasters and coffee traders are known for their high-quality products. Dutch coffee shops are also popular tourist destinations.

The Dutch are also at the forefront of coffee innovation. Dutch coffee roasters are experimenting with new coffee brewing methods and developing new coffee drinks. Dutch coffee shops are also testing new ways to serve coffee and to create a more welcoming environment for customers.

The Dutch and coffee have a long and rich history. The Dutch played a major role in spreading coffee around the world, and they continue to be a major player in the coffee industry today.

When ordering coffee in the Netherlands, it is important to note that the Dutch do not typically use the terms "small," "medium," and "large." Instead, they use the terms "kopje" (cup) and "mok" (mug). A "kopje" is a smaller cup of coffee, while a "mok" is a larger cup of coffee.

If you are unsure of what type of coffee to order, you can always ask the barista for a recommendation. The Dutch baristas are typically very knowledgeable and friendly, and they will be happy to help you choose the perfect cup of coffee.

What Cake is Ordered with Coffee

The most popular cake served with coffee in the Netherlands is ontbijtkoek, also known as Dutch breakfast cake. It is a dense, spiced cake made with rye flour, molasses, and spices such as cinnamon, cloves, and ginger. Ontbijtkoek is typically sliced thin and served with a cup of coffee or tea.

Ontbijtkoek is a traditional Dutch cake that has been around for centuries. It is a popular breakfast cake, but it is also often enjoyed as a snack or dessert. Ontbijtkoek is typically made with rye flour, molasses, and spices such as cinnamon, cloves, and ginger. It is a dense and flavorful cake that has a slightly sweet and slightly spicy taste.

Other popular cakes in the Netherlands include:

  • Boterkoek: A buttery cake made with flour, sugar, butter, and eggs. Boterkoek is often decorated with a criss-cross pattern on top.
  • Appeltaart: A Dutch apple pie made with a flaky pastry crust and a sweet apple filling. Appeltaart is often served with whipped cream or vanilla ice cream.
  • Vlaai: A traditional Dutch fruit tart made with a sweet pastry crust and a variety of fruit fillings, such as apple, cherry, or plum. Vlaai is often served with whipped cream or coffee.
  • Tompouce: A rectangular pastry filled with cream and topped with a layer of pink icing. Tompouce is a popular birthday cake in the Netherlands.
  • Poffertjes: Small, fluffy pancakes that are typically served with powdered sugar and melted butter. Poffertjes are a popular snack or dessert in the Netherlands.

These are just a few of the many delicious cakes that are enjoyed in the Netherlands. Next time you are in the Netherlands, be sure to try some of these traditional cakes.

In addition to the above, here are some other interesting facts about the Dutch and coffee:

  • The Dutch word for coffee is "koffie."
  • The first coffee shop in the Netherlands opened in Amsterdam in 1972.
  • The Netherlands is home to the world's largest coffee roaster, Jacobs Douwe Egberts.
  • The Netherlands is also home to the world's largest coffee auction, the Dutch Coffee Auction.
  • The Dutch are known for their love of strong coffee. Dutch coffee is typically brewed with a high coffee-to-water ratio.
  • The Dutch also have a unique way of drinking coffee. They often add milk and sugar to their coffee, but they also add a small amount of salt.
  • The Dutch coffee culture is very social. Coffee shops are popular places for people to meet up with
  • The most popular coffee drink in the Netherlands is a normal coffee, which is a black coffee brewed with a high coffee-to-water ratio. Dutch coffee is typically strong and flavorful.

    Other popular coffee drinks include:

      • Koffie verkeerd: A coffee with warm milk, similar to a latte.
      • Cappuccino: A coffee with steamed milk and foamed milk.
      • Espresso: A strong, concentrated coffee.
      • Americano: A diluted espresso with hot water.
      • CafĂ© au lait: A coffee with a large amount of milk, similar to a coffee with cream
    Dutch Coffee and the History of Coffee in the Netherlands